AN AUSTRALIAN DESIGN

AN AUSTRALIAN DESIGN

AN AUSTRALIAN DESIGN

AN AUSTRALIAN DESIGN

WHAT IS COTTON?

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fibre that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds.

Is cotton a vegetable?
Cotton bolls contain seed (approximately 30 or more) is considered as a fruit of the cotton plant. … Botanically, a fruit is a seed-bearing structure that develops from the ovary of a flowering plant, whereas vegetables are all other plant parts, such as roots, leaves, and stems.

Cotton seeds are planted in spring and the plant grows into green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height. The plants briefly grow pink and cream coloured flowers that, once pollinated, drop off and are replaced with fruit, better known as cotton.

On average, cotton plants need 5 to 6 months (from planting) to fully produce fibre.
Cotton is a Kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. Its time of sowing and harvesting differs in different parts of the country depending upon the climatic conditions. In Punjab and Haryana it is sown in April-May and is harvested in December-January that is before the winter frost can damage the crop.

A Karif crop or monsoon crop, are domesticated plants that are cultivated and harvested in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh during the Indian subcontinent’s monsoon season, which lasts from June to November depending on the area.

What are the stages of cotton?
The developmental phases for cotton can be divided into five main growth stages: (1) germination and emergence (2) seedling establishment (3) leaf area and canopy development (4) flowering and boll development and (5) maturation.
Once the cotton bolls fully burst then the process of picking them is commenced. The cotton bolls burst open upon the plant reaching the stage of maturity.
The next step in the cotton harvesting process, is the harvesting of cotton, and in most parts of India, this is done by hand. The vast majority if the harvesting (cotton picking) is done by hand and in the most cases it is done by women.
So, in summary we have the cotton being planted (as a seed), and progressing to a fully grown plant and then maturing to a cotton boll, that will ripen and produce a fibre, which will eventually become cotton as the world knows it.
The next step in the process is the GINNING of the cotton.

AN AUSTRALIAN DESIGN

AN AUSTRALIAN DESIGN

AN AUSTRALIAN DESIGN

AN AUSTRALIAN DESIGN

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